8 signs of school failure

School failure has become one of the issues that most concerns parents today, and according to European Statistical Office (Eurostat)data, Spain is the country in the European Union with the second highest rate of school failure. Specifically, 19% of young people in our country aband on their studies in adolescence.

child care

18 May 2018

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Failure at any level can cause feelings of helplessness, disappointment, stress and lack ofself-esteem for young children and adolescents. The main reference point duringthe first years of a child's learning is the family, because we all have a rolein the passionate and difficult task of education to one degree or another. 

Possible causes of school failure

1. Emotional discomfort

Somesituations in the family and social environment can create emotional discomfortthat affects academic performance for young kids. A separation or excessive overprotection, as well as bullying, are all situations that can lead tolearning and integration difficulties. 

2. Physical problems and lack of sleep

Sometimes, school performance is affectedby hearing or visual problems, for example myopia or hyperopia. Sleep disordersand improper nutrition also affect concentration, performance and learning.

3. Learning difficulties

This is one of the most common causes andit is very important to be able to detect them at a young age. We may encounterdifficulties such as dyslexia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD)that are surmountable if treated properly.


4. Low self-esteem

Poorgrades or results can mean that children consider themselves less competent orunable to reach the goals that are presented to them on a day-to-day basis. Alow academic self-esteem is synonymous with school failure, since their disinterest will grow at the same time as their fear of failure.

5. Environment without stimulation

It is essential that children learn in afamily and school environment that stimulates them and the involvement of the family in all aspects of their school life is essential for this, and inmaintaining interest and enjoyment of this learning stage to the fullestextent.

6. Problems withliteracy

Literacy is the ability to read and write. It is one of the most important during the first years of learning (4-6years) and it is essential for children to have the necessary skills tocontinue learning. 

7. Difficulties in concentrating and lack of motivation

So that they areable to keep acquiring new knowledge, we must work on children's attention and motivation capacities. This absence is closely related to school failure and isimportant in building new knowledge and learning.

8. Pedagogical causes

Lack ofknowledge of study techniques and habits can lead to poor school performance.It is essential to teach children different study methods from an early age,that help them obtain better results because 'studying is also learned'. 

Tips to prevent school failure


  • Find a quiet space where children can do their homework.
  • Motivate them with an 'I can' attitude
  • Be vigilant in identifying the firstsymptoms in time.
  • Positively reinforce successes andachievements.
  • Encourage the habit of and passion for reading and writing.
  • Take the time to listen to their school adventures.
  • Allow them to make mistakes and understandit as part of learning.