The properties of propolis

Propolis is a natural product produced by bees for the construction, repair and protection of the hive. Many health benefits are attributed to propolis. We describe the main properties of this substance.


15 May 2019


Propolis is a substance produced by bees from the resin of certain trees and other plants. It is used by these insects to build and strengthen their hives, fill cracks and harden honeycomb cells. 

Propolis has a double protective effect because it reinforces the stability of the hive, it reduces vibrations and it prevents the entrance of possible aggressors, such as parasites. But propolis is not only useful for bees, it is also useful for man. Due to its multiple properties, this resinous substance has been used since ancient times for various purposes related to natural medicine.

Propolis is collected from hives by scraping or trapping. Collection is carried out in the spring, since it is necessary in the hive during the winter.  

Composition of propolis

La composición química del propóleo varía mucho de región a región en función de la vegetación y de la estación del año e incluso del tipo de abejas que la obtienen.

 Los propóleos de climas templados del hemisferio norte tienen aproximadamente 50 constituyentes, principalmente resinas y bálsamos vegetales que contienen flavonoides y ácidos fenólicos. Son los responsables de la mayoría de las acciones terapéuticas de esta sustancia.

El propóleo contiene, además, ceras, aceites esenciales, ácidos grasos y polen.

The chemical composition of propolis varies greatly from region to region, depending on the vegetation and the season of the year and even the type of bees that obtain it.

 Propolis from temperate climates in the northern hemisphere has approximately 50 constituents, mainly resins and vegetable balsams containing flavonoids and phenolic acids.They are responsible for most of the therapeutic actions of this substance.

 Propolis also contains waxes, essential oils, fatty acids and pollen.

 Benefits of propolis

Studies have shown that propolis has medicinal properties. The most notable of which are:

- Antiseptic: reduces the possibility of infection.

Antifungal: capable of inhibiting fungal growth.


How to take propolis

Propolis can be taken as a liquid, in capsules, tablets, syrups or mixed with other products, such as honey with propolis.

 At dermatological level, it is added to creams, cosmetics, lotions and soaps. To store it, we recommend keeping it in a cool, dry place, away from light, and to keep the container tightly closed so that it does not lose its properties.

Taking it during pregnancy and lactation is not recommended, nor for patients with asthma, as well as people who are allergic to products derived from bees, conifers or poplars. 

Although no contraindications or allergic or toxic reactions to overdose have been found, it is advisable to consult a doctor before starting to use propolis.